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Top 5 sexually transmitted Disease in Nigeria

Sexually transmitted disease are also known as Venereal Diseases are
diseases that are transmitted from one person to the other through
sexual activity, this incudes anal , vaginal or Mouth Action.

1. GONORRHEA
Gonorrhea is the most prevalent sexually
transmitted disease (STD) in Nigeria. In fact, in 1963, WHO found Lagos
to have the highest gonorrhea rate in the world? Recent surveys report
gonorrhea prevalence to be as high as 28.1%. Some studies show a clear
association between gonorrhea and male / female infertility.
Penicillinase producing Neisseria gonorrhea prevalence varies from 44.4%
in Zaria to 80% in Ibadan.
There are major several complications
that arises in the event that a gonorrhea remains untreated, this could
be related to the body tissues, reproductive capacity and deformities
in new born see full details in the link below

2. HIV/AIDS
According
to UNAIDS, The number of people living with HIV in Nigeria is between
2, 600 000 – 4, 500 000 more than double the population of some states.
The prevalence rate of the disease among Adults aged 15 to 49 is 3.1%.
HIV is a sexually transmitted disease that has no cure currently.
Rivers,
Taraba and Kaduna are the top three states with the highest level of
HIVAIDS infection in Nigeria while Ekiti, Zamfara and Bauchi has the
lowest rates. Globally more than 33 million people are living with or
affected by HIV/AIDS.
HIV/AIDS has complicated the lives of millions
in Nigeria, before the advent of free antiretroviral drugs many
perished. In addition, due to the high rate of stigma many infected
individuals are not taking advantage of the free anti-retroviral drugs
and screening programs available. While many others who are infected,
unknowingly infect their loved ones because they do not know they carry
the virus.
Find all you need to know about HIV/AIDS below

3. Trichomonasis
The Federal Ministry of Health reported the National average prevalence rate of
9.8% for trichomoniasis. The condition is caused by the one-celled
protozoan organism Trichomonas vaginalis which is transmitted during
sexual activity. It could also be spread by sharing intimacy gadgets or
the used of intimacy gadgets that have been contaminated with the
disease causing organism.
About 70 percent of people with trichomoniasis don’t experience any signs or symptoms.
Having
trichomoniasis can also cause genital inflammation that makes it easier
to get infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, or to pass the
HIV virus to a sex partner. See link details below candidiasis.

4. Candidiasis
The Federal Ministry of Health reported the National average prevalence rate of
9.62% for Candidiasis.
Candidiasis
is a fungal infection caused by yeasts that belong to the genus
Candida. There are over 20 species of Candida yeasts that can cause
infection in humans, the most common of which is Candida albicans.
Candida yeasts normally reside in the intestinal tract and can be found
on mucous membranes and skin without causing infection; however,
overgrowth of these organisms can cause symptoms to develop.

5. Syphilis
The incidence of syphilis has also gone up by 134% in men over the last five years. Syphilis.
Syphilis is a highly contagious disease spread primarily by sexual activity, including oral and anal sex.
Syphilis
is caused by the bacteria Treponema pallidum and it is the only known
sexually transmitted disease to cause madness. Yes long-term infection
with syphilis can cause brain damage and blindness.
The disease can
complicate the life of an individual in the long run if left untreated.
There are 4 stages of syphilis each with its distinct features.

NB

The truth about Staphylococcus

By
now you must have noticed that we omitted staphylococcus aureus from
the list, yes unlike what you see quacks advertising in buses and vans,
Tvs and radio Staphylococcus aureus infection is not considered as a
sexually transmitted disease ,
Staphylococcus aureus is a common
bacteria that many people have on their skin or in their nose. It can be
transmitted via skin to skin contact. Although the
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain has been
implicated in many infection the condition has not been classified as
such. 


Culled from Publichealth.com.ng

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